Over the past 40 years, an HIV diagnosis has gone from being the equivalent of a death sentence to becoming a chronic condition that we can prevent and treat. Yet, people living with HIV are now dying from TB in large numbers. People living with HIV are at high risk of latent TB, but their infection often goes unnoticed and untreated until it’s too late. TB is the leading cause of death among people living with HIV, causing one third of all HIV deaths – around 400,000.
People living with HIV are 20 to 30 times more likely to move from latent to active TB than those without HIV infection.